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      Politics, Law & Government

      The world today is divided territorially into more than 190 countries, each of which possesses a national government that claims to exercise sovereignty and seeks to compel obedience to its will by its citizens. Governments can be classified in any number of ways. For example, they might be classified by the number of rulers, thus distinguishing government by one (as in a monarchy or a tyranny) from government by the few (in an aristocracy or oligarchy) and from government by the many (as in a democracy). Governments can also be classified by mode of succession; for example, ascension to governmental leadership may follow the rules of hereditary succession, or it may be determined through elections or by force. Governments also vary in terms of the laws and rules of conduct that each political entity follows.
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      Featured content, January 26, 2021

      What If the President Is Impeached?
      How, when, and why impeachment happens.
      Demystified / Politics, Law & Government
      The impeachment trial of Pres. Andrew Johnson, illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, March 28, 1868.
      How Does the U.S. Government Define the Difference Between a Protest and a Riot?
      How does the U.S. government define the difference between a protest and a riot? A protest is “a[n]…organized public demonstration...
      Companion / Politics, Law & Government
      San Francisco, California/USA-1/18/20: Womens March at Civic Center marching with signs of political protest regarding equality also embracing 2020 presidential candidates and celebrating equality
      20 Under 40: Young Shapers of the Future (Social Activism and Politics)
      20 amazing young leaders changing the world.
      List / Politics, Law & Government
      Composite photograph. Group of six young adults in silhouette. Photograph created for use in Britannica's "20 Under 40" article.
      The Surprisingly Disorderly History of the U.S. Presidential Succession Order
      Who takes over and when?
      #WTFact / Politics, Law & Government
      "On the threshold of office--what have we to expect of him?" chromolithograph by Joseph Keppler, September 1881. Print shows the members of the assassinated James A. Garfield's cabinet looking at the new president, Chester Arthur. Chester A. Arthur.
      Insurance, a system under which the insurer, for a consideration usually agreed upon in advance, promises to reimburse the...
      Encyclopedia / Politics, Law & Government
      Flooding of a residential neighbourhood in New Orleans caused by Hurricane Katrina, August 2005.
      Military aircraft
      Military aircraft, any type of aircraft that has been adapted for military use. Aircraft have been a fundamental part of...
      Encyclopedia / Politics, Law & Government
      Tupolev Tu-22M, a Russian variable-wing supersonic jet bomber first flown in 1969. It was designed for potential use in war against the NATO countries, where it was known by the designation “Backfire.”
      Inheritance, the devolution of property on an heir or heirs upon the death of the owner. The term inheritance also designates...
      Encyclopedia / Politics, Law & Government
      Constitutional law
      Constitutional law, the body of rules, doctrines, and practices that govern the operation of political communities. In modern...
      Encyclopedia / Politics, Law & Government

      Politics, Law & Government Quizzes

      Election - Voters in polling station voting in 2012 Presidential Election, Ventura County, California, November 6, 2012.
      Voting for the U.S. President: A Quiz
      Test your knowledge of how voters voted in U.S. presidential elections across history. Quiz content provided by
      President Lyndon B. Johnson (Lyndon Johnson) signs the 1964 Civil Rights Act as Martin Luther King, Jr., others look on East Room, White House, Washington, D.C., July 2, 1964.
      U.S. Constitutional History Quiz
      Who is considered the father of the U.S. Constitution? Which English philosopher greatly influenced the Constitution? Find...
      Secretariat Building at United Nations Headquarters with Members States' flags flying in the foreground, United Nations Headquarters, New York City, New York. (photo dated 2017)
      Global Governance Quiz
      Intergovernmental cooperation is essential to resolve issues of global importance. That cooperation is often made possible...
      The White House in Washington, D.C., USA. The north portico which faces Pennsylvania Avenue.
      U.S. Presidential History Quiz
      The phrase “New Frontier” is associated with which U.S. president? Who was “first in war, first in peace, and first in the...
      The White House South portico, Washington, D.C., USA. Photo circa 2005. White House history.
      U.S. Presidential Code Names Quiz
      Every U.S. president is assigned a code name by the Secret Service. This quiz will show you a code name along with two presidents’...
      Encyclopaedia Britannica thistle graphic to be used with a Mendel/Consumer quiz in place of a photograph.
      43 Questions About Politics (Mostly in the United States) Compiled from Britannica’s Quizzes
      This quiz gathers together questions from Britannica’s quizzes about politics, law, and government. It includes a lot of...
      Playing cards featuring Gore and Clinton
      Weird U.S. Presidents Quiz
      What animal did Calvin Coolidge grant a presidential pardon to? Whose chair did John Adams and Thomas Jefferson vandalize...
      Republican and Democrat party mascots, united states, government, politics
      12 Quotes from U.S. Presidential Debates: A Quiz
      Debates have been a high-profile component of U.S. presidential elections since at least 1960. How well do you know what...
      Ronald Reagan and "General Electric Theater," 1954-62.
      The Road to the Presidency Quiz
      The votes are in, and it’s time for another quiz about U.S. Presidents! How did the country’s leaders earn their positions...
      Currency. Money. Cash. Dollars. Bills. Pile of ten, twenty, fifty, and hundred dollar bills.
      Quick Quiz: Determining Currency Exchange Rates
      On your next international trip, you’ll have to exchange your home country’s money to the dollars and coins from the country...
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      Politics, Law & Government Subcategories

      subcategory placeholder Banking & Business
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      J.P. Morgan Businesspeople & Entrepreneurs
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      Standard Oil Strike Economics & Economic Systems
      Economic system, any of the ways in which humankind has arranged for its material provisioning. One would think that there would be a great variety of such systems, corresponding to the many cultural arrangements that have characterized human society.
      subcategory placeholder International Relations
      International relations, the study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies, political parties, and interest groups). It is related to a number of other academic disciplines, including political science, geography, history, economics, law, sociology, psychology, and philosophy.
      police officer: collecting fingerprints Law, Crime & Punishment
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      subcategory placeholder Military
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      voting in the 2012 U.S. presidential election Politics & Political Systems
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      John F. Kennedy World Leaders
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
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