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      Geography & Travel

      Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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      Featured content, January 21, 2021

      Which Waters Do You Pass Through When You “Sail the Seven Seas”?
      Here’s a hint: It depends on when you’re sailing them.
      Demystified / Geography & Travel
      Sailboat against a beautiful landscape
      What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
      People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
      Companion / Geography & Travel
      Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
      Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
      What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
      #WTFact / Geography & Travel
      Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
      5 Transit Stations Worth Seeing
      Know before you go.
      List / Geography & Travel
      The exterior of the Victoria terminus railway station, Mumbai, India. (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, UNESCO World Heritage site)
      Glacier
      Glacier, any large mass of perennial ice that originates on land by the recrystallization of snow or other forms of solid...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      Perito Moreno Glacier
      Asia
      Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass....
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      Asia
      Geography
      Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. It seeks...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      camel; Pyramids of Giza
      African Americans
      African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      Barack Obama: 2008 election night rally

      Geography & Travel Quizzes

      Garden in front of Mao Zedong Memorial Hall where Mao's body rests in state at Tiananmen Square, one of the largest public squares in the world, Beijing, China. Near the Forbidden City. Mausoleum.
      Largest, Tallest, and Smallest Around the Globe
      What is the smallest country in the world? Which continent is the biggest? Test your knowledge of extremes around the world.
      Himalayas. Earth Day. Global warming. A satellites view of thick band of haze from agricultural fires and urban pollution near the India Pakistan border along the southwestern face of the Himalaya Mountain range, Oct. 30, 2008. (see notes)
      Planet Earth Quiz
      What percentage of Earth is suitable for agriculture? What is the Earth’s circumference? Test your inner geographer with...
      bird. Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae), Marwell Zoo, Hampshire, England.
      Where the Kookaburras Live...
      You may associate Australia with boomerangs, kangaroos, or kookaburras. But do you know how many states Australia has? Test...
      Map showing World distribution of the major religions.
      It’s All in the Name
      What’s in a name? Sri Lanka and Mount Everest have had other names—do you know what they are? Sort out geographical aliases...
      10:087 Ocean: The World of Water, two globes showing eastern and western hemispheres
      You Name It!
      Which country is known as the Isle of Spice? What is the Latin name for Switzerland? Test your naming knowledge in this quiz.
      Boat in River Ganga at sunrise, Varanasi, India. (Ganges; sunrise; sky; sky color; atmosphere; dawn)
      Passage Through India
      India is a big country. But what continent is it part of? And just how many time zones does it span? Test your knowledge...
      Chandigarh. Statuettes at the Rock Garden of Chandigarh a sculpture park in Chandigarh, India, also known as Nek Chand's Rock Garden. Created by Nek Chand Saini an Indian self taught artist. visionary artist, folk artist, environmental art
      Explore India Quiz
      Delhi lies on which river? How many countries border India? In what state is Bengaluru? Explore India’s vibrant geography...
      Jodhpur. Rajasthan. Jaswant Thada an architectural landmark in Jodhpur, India. A white marble memorial, built in 1899, by Sardar Singh in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Indian architecture
      Discover India
      Which city lies on the Ganges river? What is the capital of Goa? Sort out the facts in this quiz devoted to the capitals,...
      Island, New Caledonia.
      Islands and Archipelagos
      What are the islands of the Maldives made of? What is the world’s largest archipelago? Sort out the facts about islands across...
      Aerial view of island, part of reef formtion, South Pacific, shows water on all sides, smaller islands in background and one in foreground.
      Islands
      Lots of people love island getaways for their sun and sand. But there are more to islands than you might realize. Island...
      Image Gallery
      Geography & Travel
      Never Miss a Day in History
      Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox.

      Geography & Travel Subcategories

      Riyadh and surrounding physical features in Saudi Arabia Cities & Towns
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Ukraine Countries of the World
      Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
      Articles
      ancient Rome Historical Places
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
      Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
      Articles
      Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
      Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
      Articles
      Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
      Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
      Articles
      Arctic. Greenland. North Pole. Political map: boundaries, cities. Includes locator. Physical Geography of Water
      Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
      Articles
      Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
      Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
      Articles
      Flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
      Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
      Articles
      • Tibet
        autonomous region, China
      • England
        constituent unit, United Kingdom
      • Taiwan
        self-governing island, Asia
      Northern Africa. Political/Physical map: regional, elevation. Geographic Regions
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Big Ben Tourist Attractions
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
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