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      Geography & Travel

      Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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      Featured content, September 27, 2020

      What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
      People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
      Companion / Geography & Travel
      Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
      Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
      What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
      #WTFact / Geography & Travel
      Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
      What Is the Newest Country in the World?
      Some countries seem as though they’ve been around since the dawn of time. But others are considerably newer. Which is the...
      Demystified / Geography & Travel
      Map of Europe. Detail from the World Atlas.
      11 Caves That Made History
      Know before you go.
      List / Geography & Travel
      Pre-historic cave painting in the Lascaux cave in Montignac, France
      Volcano
      Volcano, vent in the crust of the Earth or another planet or satellite, from which issue eruptions of molten rock, hot rock...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      Mount St. Helens volcano
      Language
      Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual (signed), or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      honeybee dance movements
      Canals and inland waterways
      Canals and inland waterways, natural or artificial waterways used for navigation, crop irrigation, water supply, or drainage....
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      Canal along a street in Colmar, France.
      Geography
      Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. It seeks...
      Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
      camel; Pyramids of Giza

      Geography & Travel Quizzes

      Planet Earth section illustration on white background.
      Exploring Earth: Fact or Fiction?
      Are there places on Earth that have never been surveyed? Is the sunniest place on Earth at the Equator? Test your knowledge...
      Coral Reef, Red Sea
      Oceans Across the World: Fact or Fiction?
      Is a reef a feature of the ocean? Does the Atlantic Ocean have the world’s deepest water? Sort out the facts and see how...
      Hyderabad capital of Telangana state, south-central India. (Indian city; city skyline)
      India: Fact or Fiction?
      You may know that India is east of Pakistan, but does most of the country lie south of the Equator? From the national flag...
      Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus) railway station at night,  Mumbai, India. (historic, British, architecture, Bombay, victorian)
      Journey to India: Fact or Fiction?
      What is India’s highest peak? Is the Bay of Bengal on its east coast or west? From Punjab to Gandhi, sort out the facts in...
      Indian currency (India, money, rupees, rupee, Mahatma Gandhi)
      Destination India: Fact or Fiction?
      Is the shilling India’s unit of currency? Is Delhi the largest city in India? From Sikkim to literacy rates, test your knowledge...
      Atolls surrounded by reefs in the Maldives. (coral reefs; endangered area; ocean habitat; sea habitat; coral reef; island; island)
      Islands of the World: Fact or Fiction?
      You may be familiar with the islands of the Caribbean, but how much do you know about the island of Corsica? Travel beyond...
      Small island in the Caribbean (tropics, beach, palm trees).
      Island Discoveries: Fact or Fiction?
      From Greenland and Alcatraz to Micronesia and the Republic of the Maldives, discover islands across the globe with this quiz.
      A train passes through the central Ural Mountains in Russia.
      Exploring Asia: Fact or Fiction?
      Do all the former Soviet Central Asian countries share a common border? Was Ho Chi Minh City once called Saigon? Sort out...
      Rice terraces in Vietnam. (food; farm; farming; agriculture; rice terrace; crop; grain; paddy; paddies;garden)
      Destination Asia: Fact or Fiction?
      You may know that Asia is one of the most populous continents on Earth, but is it also the largest? See how "large" your...
      Korean architecture. Kyongbok Palace. Seoul. Kyonghoeru (Gyeonghoeru or Happy Meetings Hall) in Kyongbok Palace (Gyeongbokgung Palace) behind Throne Hall. A banquet hall on an island in the middle of a lotus lake Seoul, South Korea.
      Exploring Korea: Fact or Fiction?
      Did the 38th Parallel originally divide North Korea and South Korea? Is the capital of South Korea Pyongyang? See if your...
      Image Gallery
      Geography & Travel
      Never Miss a Day in History
      Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox.

      Geography & Travel Subcategories

      Toronto Cities & Towns
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Iraq Countries of the World
      Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
      Articles
      Auschwitz: entrance gates Historical Places
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Model T Highways & Trails
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Distribution of California Indians Human Geography
      Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
      Articles
      Latin inscription Languages
      Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
      Articles
      Africa Physical Geography of Land
      Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
      Articles
      Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington Physical Geography of Water
      Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
      Articles
      Moraine Lake at dawn, Banff National Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Nature Reserves & National Parks
      Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
      Articles
      Kentucky: flag States & Other Subdivisions
      Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
      Articles
      Plain of Esdraelon Geographic Regions
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Panoramic view of Machu Picchu, Peru. Tourist Attractions
      This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
      Articles
      Get kids back-to-school ready with Expedition: Learn!
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